All Summer in a Day by Ray Bradbury
Автор: Ирина Нестерова
Нестерова И.А. All Summer in a Day by Ray Bradbury [Электронный ресурс] // Образовательная энциклопедия ODiplom.ru
Ray Bradbury is one of those rare individuals whose writing has changed the way people think. His more than five hundred published works – short stories, novels, plays, screenplays, television scripts, and verse – exemplify the American imagination at its most creative.
Ray Bradbury’s Works
Ray Bradbury’s reputation as a writer of courage and vision was established with the publication of The Martian Chronicles in 1950, which describes the first attempts of Earth people to conquer and colonize Mars, and the unintended consequences. Next came The Illustrated Man and then, in 1953, Fahrenheit 451, which many consider to be Bradbury's masterpiece, a scathing indictment of censorship set in a future world where the written word is forbidden. In an attempt to salvage their history and culture, a group of rebels memorize entire works of literature and philosophy as their books are burned by the totalitarian state. Other works include The October Country, Dandelion Wine, A Medicine for Melancholy, Something Wicked This Way Comes, I Sing the Body Electric!, Quicker Than the Eye, and Driving Blind. In all, Bradbury has published more than thirty books, close to 600 short stories, and numerous poems, essays, and plays. His short stories have appeared in more than 1,000 school curriculum "recommended reading" anthologies. Mr. Bradbury's eagerly awaited new novel, From the Dust Returned, will be published by William Morrow at Halloween 2001.Morrow will release One More For the Road, a new collection Bradbury stories, at Christmas 2001.
Ray Bradbury's work has been included in four Best American Short Story collections. He has been awarded the O. Henry Memorial Award, the Benjamin Franklin Award, the World Fantasy Award for Lifetime Achievement, the Grand Master Award from the Science Fiction Writers of America, the PEN Center USA West Lifetime Achievement Award, among others. In November 2000, the National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters was conferred upon Mr. Bradbury at the 2000 National Book Awards Ceremony in New York City.
All Summer in a Day. The Plot of the Story.
On the planet Venus, it rains almost constantly. A classroom full of young children are excited to hear that the rain will stop today, for just fifteen minutes. But they are also resentful of a new classmate from Earth, who remembers what it's like to see the sun. They lock her in a closet just before the sun comes out.
Margot is someone from earth who is very sad about not seeing the sun in so long. The others do not like her because they are jealous that she saw the sun when she was on earth. The other children might have seen the sun seven years ago but they do not remember it because they were only a couple of years old at the time. Margot does not speak much at all, because she is so sad. Whenever she speaks about the sun, the children do not believe that she has ever seen it. She wrote a poem about the sun. But one of the boys in the class did not believe that she had written it. The poem was, "I think the sun is a flower that blooms for just one hour. " Children don’t like her so she was locked in the closet. When the sun appeared the children forget about Margot. They were happy. All at once, a girl starts to cry because she feels a raindrop in her hand. She sadly realizes the rain is returning. The thunder sounds, and the children run back inside. Suddenly, one of the children remembers Margot, still locked in the closet. They stand frozen realizing what they have done. The children walk slowly towards the closet and let Margot out. The precious sun has come and gone, leaving Margot still pale in gloom and darkness.
Text Analysis of the "All Summer in a Day"
The story is the third person narration. To my mind the climax of the story is the moment when the rain was over for a shot time. The children recollected about the girl who was locked in the closet. The author's narration and the dialogs are predominates in this text. The general atmosphere of the text is emotional, sad and charged. In this short story there are two types of the conflict:
Man against man, when the plot is based on the opposition between two or more people.
The conflict is clear and the reason of it is sun.
"Margot stood apart from them, from these children who could ever remember a time when there wasn’t rain and rain and rain. "
She remember => They are not remember
Man against nature.
"It had been raining for seven years; thousands upon thousands of days compounded and filled from one end to the other with rain, with the drum and gush of water, with the sweet crystal fall of showers and the concussion of storms so heavy they were tidal waves come over the islands. A thousand forests had been crushed under the rain and grown up a thousand times to be crushed again. And this was the way life was forever on the planet Venus, and this was the schoolroom of the children of the rocket men and women who had come to a raining world to set up civilization and live out their lives. "
Through the whole story we feel the author's attitude to the situation at the story as a whole and to the each person at the novel.
The tone of the story is serious and melancholy.
One way this story could be looked at is Margot is "building a wall" to block out all the people on Venus and cant accept the change that has been brought onto her. Margot has it stuck in her head that any place without the sun is not worth living at. Although the other children single out Margot it is clear by Margot’s actions that she doesn’t want to have anything to do with them because they are just a distraction to her main goal that is to live under the sun again.
The upper middle part of the poster uses the description from the start of the story to help us understand why the characters are like this. Their environment affects the way they behave. We are not told why these people are living on Venus but we do know that it is not a nice place to live; it is dull and constantly raining. This picture is there to represent this fact.
There are many different ways that Ray Bradbury describes the characters.
The characters of the extract are Margot, William. Ray Bradbury uses many different ways to show the characters feelings and emotions. He uses descriptive words in order to keep the reader pay attention.
Margot was from earth. She lived in Ohio and moved over to Venus when she was four. She still remembers the sun, the way it was, and the sky. The other children had been on Venus all of their lives. They were only two years old when the sun last came out. They would not ever remember the sun’s color, heat and the way it really was. Margot is a defenseless, delicate girl, yet self-centered and strong-willed. While Mary is a brave, determine, and independent girl with a soft-heart. Margot is obviously in a weak situation among their classmates, she is being isolated in her group. She could not backfire when the boys tease at her. She could not fight back even if the boys try to lock her into the closet. But she knows what is happening around her, her mind is consistently thinking. She knows that she is distant from her classmates, and she knows why. She could feel how people think about her. She sensed it, she was different and they knew her difference and kept away. Margot knows all, but she just does not want to get involved
Margot’s fragile personality makes her looks vulnerable, and created a virtual image that her classmates are stronger than her. But at the end of the story, Margot ‘s classmates realized the harm that they made to Margot, and they are ashamed of that. The effect would not show if we do not know how desperate that Margot wants to see the sun, how Margot feels when living on the Venus.
William is one of the children. Who don’t believe Margo t remember something about the sun. He is usual and silly person without imagination. He is as everybody, but nothing to remember. He is " usual". Нe is narrow- minded one.
Нe cannot believe Margot wrote a poem about the sun.
"Aw, you didn’t write that! " protested one of the boys.
This story uses many comparisons to present ideas. For example, when the children recall that Margot was left behind in the closet, the author writes, "They stood as if someone had driven them, like so many stakes, into the floor. " Two kinds of literary comparisons are similes and metaphors. A simile, such as the example above, is a comparison that uses "like" or "as" A metaphor is a comparison that does not use "like" or "as". Let turn to the metaphors and comparisons again.
"She was a very frail girl who looked as if she had been lost in the rain for years and the rain had washed out the blue from her eyes and the red from her mouth and the yellow from her hair. " In this sentence we feel the position of the author. He sympathies Margot. Hу shows how weak she is.
The main idea of the story is the world is as rain. It is monotonic and boring. But we have to remember that there is sun. The sun symbolized happiness and life. So we have to remember about our happy moments through the boring days.
Для анализа использован рассказ Рея Бредбери ". Источник: Все лето в один день" Рей Бредбери. Короткие рассказы / Ray Bredbury. Short Stories -М.: Айрис-Пресс, 2007